My top 5 C++11 language features #4 - range-based for loop

By: Tim DelChiaro

Abstract: A range-based for loop basically allows a C++ developer to iterate through a collection of data and automatically provide a reference to the indexed data

This is a repost of a blog post from Embarcadero's John Thomas. You can get to his blog and the original post by clicking the blog post name below.

  My top 5 C++11 language features #4 - range-based for loop

Following up on yesterdays discussion of the new auto keyword, my #4 top new C++11 feature is the ranged-based for loop. A range-based for loop basically allows a C++ developer to iterate through a collection of data and automatically provide a reference to the indexed data. Let’s take a look at the example of iterating through a vector of ints from yesterday.

for(auto fi = vi.begin(); fi != vi.end(), ++fi)

{
auto i = *fi;
std::cout << i;
}

As we learned yesterday, using auto really simplifies the code needed to iterate through an STL container but notice that we still need to check our ranges, increment the iterator, and de-reference the iterator to obtain the indexed content.

Well a ranged-based for loop makes this code even more succinct. Here is the equivalent code snippet to accomplish the same as the above:

for(auto i : vi)
std::cout << i;

So the range-based for loop manages the range checking, incrementing, and de-referencing in one expression. Nice!
~/jt

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