Antique Software: Turbo C++ version 1.01

By: David Intersimone

Abstract: Turbo C++ version 1 was our first compiler that supported the C++ language. The C++ compiler conformed to AT&T's 2.0 specification for the C++ language.

    In the Museum: Turbo C++ version 1.01

Ship date: 28-February-1991

Turbo C++ version 1 was our first compiler that supported the C++ language. The C++ compiler conformed to AT&T's 2.0 specification for the C++ language. The development environment and command line tools ran under DOS.  Turbo C++ v1 came in two forms:  Turbo C++ and Turbo C++ Professional.  The Professional version included Turbo Assembler, Turbo Debugger, and Turbo Profile.  Version 1.01 was a maintenance release of the original Turbo C++ version 1 software.

    How to Download and Install Turbo C++ version 1.01

This museum version of Turbo C++ is available free of charge to registered users of C++Builder 2007 or later, RAD Studio 2007 or later or Embarcadero All-Access. Registered users of those products can click through to the Turbo C++ version 1.01 download page to download the software (2.7mb).

If you don't currently own one of those qualifying products, you can download a trial of our latest versions of C++Builder trial or RAD Studio trial or buy a C++Builder or RAD Studio product.

When you are finished downloading the software, use your favorite zip utility (like PKZIP or WinZip) to decompress the zip file to a folder on your hard drive. Turbo C++ version 1.01 shipped on 4 floppy disks. The zip file contains all the files that were on the 4 floppy disk images.

To install the software, unzip the files onto your hard drive.  Run the Install.exe program and follow the installation instructions to install the software.

These historical files may be downloaded and used "as is" for personal use only. No developer support is provided. Each individual product contains copyright notices that are still in force. These files may not be made available via the Internet or any hard copy media (e.g. diskette, CDROM). We make no claims about Year 2000 compatibility for our antique software. If you have technical questions, you should ask the questions on the threaded conversions for this antique software or ask our Internet newsgroups (there may be someone who remembers these old tools).

    Turbo C++ Advertisements

Below is a bitmap of the Turbo C++ Professional box.  Click on the bitmap of the Turbo C++ Professional box to display a larger image of the Turbo C++ advertisement.  Click on the comparison chart bitmap to display a larger image of the ad that compared Turbo C++ to Microsoft C Compiler version 6.

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    Turbo C++ Version 1.01 Readme File

The following is the Readme file that came with Turbo C++ version 1.01. Please notice that any mention of support, references to phone numbers or addresses are here for historical purposes. Since this is antique software, there is no developer support for this product. If you have questions, you should ask them on our Internet newsgroups. You might find an old timer who still remembers using this version of Turbo C++.

Welcome to Turbo C ++
                   ---------------------

This README file contains important information about Turbo C++.
For the latest information about Turbo C++, the accompanying
programs, and the manuals, read this file in its entirety.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
-----------------
1.  How to Get Help
2.  Installation
3.  Features
4.  Important Information
5.  Testing Your Expanded Memory
6.  Corrections to the Documents
7.  TCTOUR


 1. HOW TO GET HELP
-------------------

  If you have any problems, please read this file, the HELPME!.DOC
  file, and the Turbo C++ manuals first. If you still have a question
  and need assistance, help is available from the following sources:

  1. Type GO BPROGB on the CompuServe bulletin board system for
     instant access to the Borland forums with their libraries of
     technical information and answers to common questions.

     If you are not a member of CompuServe, see the enclosed special
     offer, and write for full details on how to receive a free
     IntroPak containing a $15 credit toward your first month's on-
     line charges.

  2. Check with your local software dealer or users' group.

  3. Write to us at the following address:

     Borland International
     Turbo C Technical Support
     1800 Green Hills Road
     P.O. Box 660001
     Scotts Valley, CA  95066-0001

     Please remember to include your serial number or we will be
     unable to process your letter.

  4. If you have an urgent problem that cannot wait and you have sent
     in the license agreement that came with the package, you may
     call the Borland Technical Support Department at (408) 438-5300.
     Please have the following information ready before calling:

     a. Product name and serial number on your original distribution
        disk.  Please have your serial number ready or we will be
        unable to process your call.

     b. Product version number. The version number for Turbo C++
        can be displayed by pressing Alt-Space/A.

     c. Computer brand, model, and the brands and model numbers of
        any additional hardware.

     d. Operating system and version number. (The version number can
        be determined by typing VER at the MSDOS prompt.)

     e. Contents of your AUTOEXEC.BAT file.

     f. Contents of your CONFIG.SYS file.


2. INSTALLATION
---------------

  You MUST use the INSTALL program to install Turbo C++.
  The files on the distribution disks are all archived and
  have to be properly assembled.  You cannot do this by
  hand!

  To start the installation, change your current drive to the one
  that has the install program on it and type INSTALL.  You will
  be given instructions in a box at the bottom of the screen for
  each prompt. For example, if you will be installing from drive
  A:, type:

    A:
    INSTALL

  You should read the rest of this README file to get further
  information about this release before you do the installation.

3. FEATURES
-----------

  - C++!  Turbo C++ offers you the full power of C++ programming,
    implementing the entire C++ 2.0 language as defined by the AT&T
    specification.  To help you get started, we're also including
    C++ class libraries.

  - ANSI C!  A 100% implementation of the ANSI C standard.

  - Borland's Programmer's Platform. The Programmer's Platform belongs
    to the next generation of user interfaces; it goes beyond the old
    integrated environment (IDE) to provide access to the full range of
    programs and tools on your computer. It includes:

    -- mouse support

    -- multiple overlapping windows

    -- a multi-file editor

    -- user-configurable menu entries to run other programs
       without leaving Turbo C++

  - VROOMM (overlay manager): VROOMM lets you overlay your code
    without complexity. You select the code segments for
    overlaying; VROOMM takes care of the rest, doing the work
    needed to fit your code into 640K.

  - An online tour of the Programmer's Platform.

  - Online hypertext help, with copy-and-paste program examples
    for practically every function.

  - Many indispensable library functions, including heap checking
    functions and a complete set of complex and BCD math functions.

  -  Note: The list of files is now contained in a separate file
     called FILELIST.DOC, which will appear in the target
     directory you specify during installation.

4. IMPORTANT INFORMATION
------------------------

  C++ STREAM I/O

  The standard libraries have all the functions needed for
  the IOSTREAM libraries defined in the AT&T 2.0 spec.  If
  you have code that uses the STREAM libraries from the 1.0
  spec, you must link with the appropriate OLDSTRMx.LIB
  file, where 'x' is replaced by the letter for the
  appropriate memory model:

    oldstrms.lib -- small model
    oldstrmc.lib -- compact model
    oldstrmm.lib -- medium model
    oldstrml.lib -- large model
    oldstrmh.lib -- huge model

  EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

  When you are running any example programs that come with
  .PRJ files, if you didn't use the standard directories when
  you installed Turbo C++ you will have to change the .PRJ file
  to reflect your actual directory setup.  Do this from inside the
  Turbo C++ IDE with Alt-O|D.

  Included in this release is source code to the GREP2MSG and
  TASM2MSG filter programs (in EXAMPLES), which give an example of
  how to write your own custom filter programs to use with the
  Transfer Menu.

  COMPILER AVAILABLE MEMORY

  To achieve better capacity and flexibility, Turbo C++ uses VROOMM,
  which means that the reported "available memory" number (both with
  the standalone compiler and in the integrated development environment)
  reflects the actual amount of RAM available to VROOMM for the entire
  compiler. What this means is that even when the reported available
  memory approaches or is equal to zero, much larger files can still
  be compiled at the expense of compilation speed. In the Programmer's
  Platform, when memory available for VROOMM reaches zero, the compile
  box will show "Swapping ...." as the amount of available memory; the
  standalone compiler will merely report "Available memory 0" in this case.

  OVERLAYS AND ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE

  Just as all "C" modules to be linked into an overlaid executable must
  be compiled with the -Y compiler switch, all assembly language modules
  need to be assembled with the -O TASM switch. If an assembly file is
  the result of a TCC compilation, TCC automatically passes -O to the
  assembler whenever -Y is used. Modules written entirely in assembly
  language must be assembled with the -O switch (using TASM version 2.0
  or newer) if they are to be linked into an overlaid executable. Failure
  to follow these rules may result in the overlaid program failing
  unpredictably when run.

  LINKING C++ WITH C

  Linking C++ modules with C modules requires the use of a linkage
  specification.  Prototypes for C functions within C++ modules must
  be in one of the following forms:
    extern "C" declaration
    extern "C" { declarations }
  For example, if a C module contains functions "char *SCopy(char*, char*);"
  and "void ClearScreen(void)", they must be declared in a C++ module in
  one of the following ways:
    extern "C" char *SCopy(char*, char*);
    extern "C" void ClearScreen(void);
  or
    extern "C" {
        char *SCopy(char*, char*)
        void ClearScreen(void);
    }
  Failure to do so will result in "Undefined symbol" errors during link.
  For further examples, see the standard header files. There's also a more
  in-depth explanation in the Programmer's Guide.

  IMPORTANT NOTES

  - If you use inline assembler in C++, TASM 1.0 may not be able
    to assemble the generated code.  If you run into this problem,
    you will need to update to version 2.0 of TASM.

  - Functions that return structures now take a hidden
    parameter that contains the address where the returned
    structure is to be placed.  If you are writing assembler
    code to link with C code you must be sure to allow for
    this extra parameter.

  - When debugging a mouse application the Options|Debugging|Display
    Swapping option should be set to "Always" for best results.

  - When running under DOS versions 2.0 or 2.1, you should not rename
    TC, TCC, or TLINK.  They need to know their names to be able to
    load their overlays.

  - TEMC will not allow a macro to contain multiple commands that return
    exit codes.

  - If you have selected Save Desktop in the Turbo C++ Programmer's
    Platform, everything that you put into the clipboard will be saved
    as part of the desktop.  After several sessions this may make
    starting the Programmer's Platform take longer.  If this happens
    to you (you will see the message "Loading Desktop" while the
    Programmer's Platform is loading), you can speed things up by
    deleting unneeded things from the clipboard.  Just select Alt-E|S
    to show the clipboard, and start deleting.

  - In some rather unusual situations when stepping through
    a program in the IDE you may get a message saying "Line
    too complex".  This means that the Programmer's Platform
    can't step past the line it is currently on.  To continue
    stepping, you should move the cursor to the next line in
    the program and press F4 (Go to Cursor).  If the line where
    this message occurs is the last line in a function, use
    the Call Stack (Ctrl-F3 or Alt-D|C) to see where the function
    was called from, select the calling function (by moving the
    highlight to it and pressing Enter), move the cursor to the
    next line, and press F4.

  - If you change your keyboard settings using the Editor Commands
    choice in TCINST, you may lose some key assignments.  To avoid
    this, use the following procedure:
        1)  don't save the modifications to the EXE; instead invoke
            TCINST with the name of your configuration file, by default
            TCCONFIG.TC.
        2)  create a file containing the following line:
               Tab: SmartTab;
            and invoke TEMC with the name of that file and the name
            of your configuration file as arguments.
    As an example, you can follow these exact steps:
             CD TCBIN
             TCINST TCCONFIG.TC
             <make changes, save, and exit TCINST>
             COPY CON TEMP.TEM
             Tab: SmartTab;
             <Ctrl-Z>
             TEMC TEMP.TEM TCCONFIG.TC

  - If a directory contains only one project file, invoking Turbo C++ without
    any parameters will open that project.  If this behavior is not
    desired, a second 'dummy' project file must be placed in that
    directory or the current project file must be removed.

  - Using the 'registerbgidriver' function may result in the following
    link error:  "Segment _TEXT exceeds 64K".  In order to avoid this,
    it is recommended that the 'registerfarbgidriver' function be used
    instead.  Please see UTIL.DOC for a more complete discussion of this
    subject.

5. Testing Your Expanded Memory: EMSTEST.COM
--------------------------------------------

  Included with Turbo C++ is a program to test your Expanded Memory
  hardware and software. If you have problems using Turbo C++ with
  your EMS, type EMSTEST at the DOS prompt and follow the instructions.

6.  Corrections to the Documents
--------------------------------

    There are no corrections needed currently.

7. TCTOUR
---------

  TCTOUR is a visual introduction to the Programmer's Platform.
  Since the Programmer's Platform is Borland's newest interface,
  taking the tour is time well spent even if you are already familiar
  with other Borland products.

  To start the tour, type "TCTOUR" from the DOS prompt.

  - TCTOUR remembers what lessons a user has completed, and if
    you quit a lesson before completing it, what screen # you last saw.
    This information is stored in a .USR file, and can be recalled by
    starting TCTOUR again and typing your user name at the prompt just
    after the color rainbow.
  
    Lessons that a user has completed should show up without shading
    on the main TCTOUR menu.  Only new users (no .USR file) get the
    excursion through "Using Tour."

  - The Navigator can be pulled up within any lesson file and within
    "Using TCTOUR", but nowhere else.  It is pulled up by pressing the
    Control key, which allows you to move forward, backward, to the
    beginning of a lesson, to the end of a lesson, to the lesson summary,
    to the main menu, to get a reminder, to quit. Ctrl-B (backwards) is
    disabled when you are on the first slide of a lesson.

  - Hints (or Reminders) pop up in any lesson files and in "Using TCTOUR".
    They pop up if:
        1) you wait 30 - 60 seconds before doing any action
        2) you press Ctrl-R
        3) you make an incorrect action

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